CEPA events gain early results

UK-Japan News April 2021

Photo: Andrew Parsons / No 10 Downing Street

The Express reported on 3 April that the new UK–Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) is showing impressive results. The agreement—signed by Secretary of State for International Trade Liz Truss in October 2020—was predicted to boost the value of business between the two countries by £15.7 billion. The Department for International Trade (DIT) began a new virtual series of business-focused UK­–Japan Trade Missions called Partnering with Japan: Spring ’21 Free Trade Agreement series, to mark the new chapter in relations. It was said that 600 companies attended the virtual launch on 2 March, and more than 1,600 have taken part so far. As a result, it has been revealed that the agreement is already paying dividends. 

In her keynote speech at the UK–­Japan Free Trade Summit in January, Truss said, “Japan was instrumental in making this high standards agree­ment happen through its vision of a group of like-minded nations wanting to shape global trade in the right way”.

Robotics deal boosts bilateral nuclear ties

UK-Japan News April 2021

Photo: Tepco

The UK and Japan have agreed to a research collaboration to help with nuclear decom­missioning. According to a 20 January press release issued by the UK government, the £12m robotics project will assist in the safe decommissioning in Japan of Tokyo Electric Power Company’s (TEPCO’s) Fukushima Dai-ichi reactors, as well at Sellafield, the multi-function nuclear site in the UK north-west. The project has been named LongOps, reflecting the plan to develop robotics-related technologies—such as long-reach arms—to carry out safe and efficient decommissioning of nuclear plants. 

Adrian Simper, group strategy and technology director at the UK’s Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) said: “Robotics offers us new ways to tackle our complex work safely, securely and cost-effectively. This unique international collaboration allows us to pool expertise and experience from Japan, working together and investing in cutting-edge ways to find solutions to our shared problems and benefit our clean-up mission”. The collabora­tion, to be funded by UK Research and Innovation, the NDA and TEPCO, is expected to last four years. 

Mitsui to invest in Scots carbon project

UK-Japan News April 2021

St Fergus gas terminal in Aberdeenshire Photo: Callan Chesser

According to a Reuters article posted on 3 March, Mitsui & Co., Ltd has announced its investment in a British carbon capture and storage (CCS) project, and has taken a 15.4 percent share in Storegga Geotechnologies Ltd. The latter firm is developing projects to store carbon dioxide emissions in empty oil and gas reservoirs. A wholly owned subsidiary of Storegga Geotechnologies—Pale Blue Dot Energy—will lead the project, which is expected to be up and running by the mid-2020s. The project is expected to capture about 340,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions at the St Fergus gas terminal in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. 

Rugby inspires yakitori chef in Wales

UK-Japan News April 2021

Photo: Tokyo Nights

Tokyo Nights, a yakitori restaurant based on Barry Island, Wales, is planning to expand by opening a street food stall in Cardiff. According to an article on 22 March by Barry & District News, chef Oliver Bryant was inspired by his trip to Japan for the Rugby World Cup in 2019. “I saw an opportunity in Wales, as yakitori was pretty much unknown. I spent most nights during lock­down practising my Japanese chicken butchery skills acquired by watching YouTube videos and cooking up the skewers on a rubbish electric grill I bought on eBay”, Bryant revealed. 

Tokyo data claims Brexit shift to EU

UK-Japan News April 2021

A 9 March article, posted by the political news organisation Politico, reveals that, between 2014 and 2019, the number of Japanese firms in the UK fell 12 percent: from 1,084 to 951. This is in contrast with the growing number of Japanese firms moving to EU countries, such as the Netherlands, Germany, France and Italy. The figures are derived from Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) data analysed by Rudlin Consulting. Managing Director Pernille Rudlin said, “Given that this is against the trend elsewhere in Europe, it is hard to avoid the conclusion that it is a reaction to Brexit”.

Champ’s return ends with defeat

UK-Japan News April 2021

Photo: Nardisoero via Wikimedia Commons

Badminton champion Kento Momota was knocked out of the All England Open quarter finals in Birmingham by Malaysian Lee Zii Jia, according to a 20 March story in The Asahi Shimbun. It was Momota’s first competition after a year-long absence, following a January 2020 car crash when he fractured his nose and right eye socket. “I did not play well and I was rushing through the points and that’s why I couldn’t play my game”, he said. 

News Briefs

UK-Japan News April 2021

Udon chain to debut in London

Famous Japanese restaurant Marugame Udon—which has more than 1,000 eateries in Japan—will be making its way to the UK this summer. The Japanese restaurant chain will be opening a 372-square-metre establish­ment on Liverpool Street, London. (Eater London, 22 March)

Gilts: buy, buy, buy!

In January, Japanese investors bought UK govern­ment bonds at the quickest pace on record. The investors bought £5bn worth of gilts, the biggest
monthly figure recorded since 2005 by the business, market news, data and analysis provider Bloomberg. This followed the Brexit deal. (Financial Times, 12 March)

Hitachi starts work on North-East trains

Hitachi Rail has begun welding passenger trains in the town of Sedgefield, after investment in the north-eastern UK factory climbed to £110m. The trains, to be used for intercity transport by East Midlands Railway and Avanti West Coast, will have high-tech aluminium carriage shells. (Press release, 5 March)

Global release for Ishiguro book

Now available in book stores across the world is the first novel since 2015 by the award-winning, Japanese-born British writer Kazuo Ishiguro. Titled Klara and the Sun, it is a dystopian science fiction novel that centres on Klara, an artificial intelligence-powered robot. (NHK WORLD-JAPAN, 2 March)

Covid-19: UK–Japan update

UK-Japan News February 2021

Haneda Airport (left) / Heathrow Airport (right)

Everchanging restrictions designed to slow the spread of the coronavirus have impacted travel between Japan and the UK yet again, media in both countries reported. Beginning 18 January, the British government requires anyone returning from a foreign country to provide journey and contact details through GOV.UK before departure. They must also self-isolate for two weeks on arrival.

Japan has implanted new restrictions as well. On 24 December, all new entries by foreign nationals who had been in the UK for 14 days prior were barred from entering due to a new Covid-19 strain that had been found in the UK on 8 December. Then Japan closed its borders to all new foreign entries on 28 December. No end date has been specified.

On 13 January, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga implemented further entry rules for business travellers, students and all other non-resident foreign nationals from multiple countries, saying they will no longer be allowed into the country. Japanese nationals and long-term residents may still enter provided they have had a negative PCR test 72 hours before departure.

Vaccine progress

According to a 10 January article in Nikkei Asia, the British government believes the Japanese arthritis drug Actemra, also known as tocilizumab and atlizumab, is effective in treating Covid-19. It has been found to lower the mortality risk by 24% and shorten hospital stays by seven to 10 days. 

The Japan Times reported on 9 January that the drug was developed jointly by Osaka University and the Japanese firm Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. UK Secretary of State for Health and Social Care Matt Hancock has described the clinical trial results as another landmark development in finding a way out of the pandemic.

The Watanabes remix folk song

UK-Japan News February 2021

Now available on all music platforms is the festive remix of the folk-inspired song “Hummingbird” by British band The Watanabes. Radio broadcaster and frequent ACUMEN contributor Guy Perryman MBE has noted the song’s Christmas feel since its release and approached The Watanabes in early 2020 with the idea of remixing it. 

As well as recruiting the help of their regular studio collaborator and producer, David Naughton, Perryman also brought in composer Nicholas Buc to write the string arrangement. With Naughton’s three young children featuring as the choir, the arrangement is by Matt Hogan and the final mix was mastered at Abbey Road Studios.

Dry Stone dreams

UK-Japan News February 2021

Teruki Kamiya, founder of the Dry Stone Walling Association of Japan, dreams of returning to England and Wales to maintain their drystone walls. Just 13% of the 193,000km of such walls in the UK are reported to be in good condition. 

In a 28 November story in The Japan Times, it was shared that the Aichi-based artisan learned under masters in the UK more than 10 years ago, making him the first person to travel from Asia specifically to learn this skill. Kamiya is dedicated to teaching what he learned from the Dry Stone Walling Association of Great Britain to Japanese people—in Japanese—to ensure there is no language barrier when it comes to learning.

Nissan trades north for Tochigi

UK-Japan News February 2021

Nissan has chosen to produce its newest electric car, the Ariya, in Japan rather than the UK. According to a 17 December Nikkei Asia report, the Ariya will be made at Nissan’s Tochigi Prefecture plant. Due to post-Brexit trade deal concerns over higher tariffs, Nissan will ship the vehicle from Japan to the European Union when it becomes available for purchase next year.

Nadeshiko star joins Aston Villa

UK-Japan News February 2021

Aston Villa has signed Nadeshiko captain Mana Iwabuchi, BBC Sport reported on 21 December. The 27-year-old has 72 international caps and was part of the Japan team that took home the World Cup in 2011. Villa boss Gemma Davies said, “Not only will she bring a wealth of expe­rience, but she will also add a different dimension to our attacking play”.

 

News Briefs

UK-Japan News February 2021

Envoy visits Wales

Japanese Ambassador to the UK Yasumasa Nagamine visited Wales on 3 December after his first attempt in March was postponed due to the coronavirus. One thousand cherry trees were planted at schools in Wales to mark the Japan–UK Season of Culture and to exhibit economic, cultural, artistic and technological successes. (Business News Wales, 6 January)

AbbVie drops Sosei

Sosei Group Corp is the latest to be dumped following AbbVie Inc.’s post-Allergan-merger clear-out. The biopharmaceutical firm will now seek a new partner amid a full internal review following the split from the original deal, which goes back five years. (Fierce Biotech, 5 January)

England star in Sapporo credits adopted culture

Jay Bothroyd, a forward with the Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo, of the J1 football league,  has noted how Japanese culture has impacted his personal and professional growth. “Coming here has taught me to bite my tongue and accept people have different opinions … things are not always going to go my way. It’s been a fantastic experience”. (The Japan Times, 9 January)

CEPA boost for key sectors

UK-Japan News November 2020

The UK–Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) was signed on 23 October in Tokyo, media reported, ensuring smooth bilateral trade beyond 1 January, 2021, when the UK’s departure from the European Union (EU) means Britain will no longer be covered by Japan’s trade deal with the EU.

Media said that CEPA is very similar to the EU–Japan Economic Partnership Agreement, but is more finely tuned to the concerns and collaboration potential of Japan and the UK. It also includes a chapter on digital trade.

The signing was the culmination of a major negotiation effort—and an efficient one, considering the challenges of the pandemic—by both sides.  Emblematic of the obstacles overcome was the gift that Liz Truss, Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade, presented to Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi at the signing: a jar of Stilton cheese.

With much to gain on both sides, ACUMEN rounded up some key benefits of CEPA across a range of industries.

5G boost

Building out the UK’s next-generation communications network will get a boost from Japan’s NEC Corporation, according to Capacity magazine. The Department for International Trade tweeted on 23 October that Truss and NEC Chairman Nobuhiro Endo “talked about NEC’s 5G deployment and collaboration in the UK, including the establishment of the 5G Open RAN Centre of Excellence. The UK–Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement is expected to further develop digital partnerships with Japanese firms”.

Better fit for rag trade

Rules of origin outlined in CEPA should be a better fit for British clothiers, the UK Fashion and Textile Association (UKFT) said on 9 November.

“A clothing producer could sew together imported fabrics into a coat, and then export the final product to Japan under tariff preference, as long as 50% of the inputs are sourced domestically,” UKFT explained. “This change may allow high-value producers of goods including knitwear, suits, gloves and coats to increase their exports to Japan”.

To make trade easier, the UK and Japan have agreed to allow self-certification of origin, so that importers from either country do not need a certificate from their customs authority. This will give firms more options.

Bring on the digestives

The trade deal is also being well received in the East Midlands where Ashbourne, Derbyshire’s Artisan Biscuits sees easier exports and higher sales in the announcement. Last year the firm signed a £57,000 agreement with a Japanese importer.

“Japan is a sophisticated market that values quintessential British products such as our biscuits, which Japanese consumers like to have with certain types of teas,” Director John Siddall told the newspaper Derbyshire Live on 1 November. “A free trade agreement could make it easier to export our biscuits as we continue to grow in the country over the coming years”.

Two-way trade

Snacks benefit the other way as well, with the import tax on Japan’s popular chocolate-covered biscuit sticks being cut by 31% once CEPA comes into force, according to The Japan Times. That’s a sweet deal for Osaka-based Ezaki Glico Co., Ltd., which produces the snack.

Pocky is not alone. British import tariffs are also set to drop on bluefin tuna (22%), Kobe beef (60%), soy sauce (6%) and udon noodles (13%).

Selling sand to Arabs

Tuna isn’t the only fish that can benefit from CEPA. Japan is already one of the UK’s key destinations for seafood, with 2,006t—worth £16.6mn—exported to the country in 2019. Among the most popular species are mackerel, herring, sardines, crabs, lobsters and, of course, Scottish salmon (page 39), according to Fish Farmer. With tariffs on seafood being liberalised over a 15-year period and becoming duty free in 2036, a stream of opportunities should lie ahead for the industry.

Bilateral benefits

Over the next 15 years, as a result of CEPA, British exports to Japan are expected to rise by 17.2% (£2.6bn or ¥356bn) while Japanese exports to the UK should get a 79.9% (£13bn or ¥1.8tn) boost.

Media noted that Prime Minister Boris Johnson set the future in motion on Twitter, saying it was “a historic moment as we formally sign the UK–Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, marking a new era of friendship between our nations”.

Welsh help for flood-hit Kumamoto

UK-Japan News November 2020

The relationship between Wales and Kumamoto Prefecture has remained strong following last year’s Rugby World Cup. NHK reported that, on 10 November, Ursula Bartlett-Imadegawa (second left), president of the St David’s Society Japan, and Yoko Kobori (left) from the Welsh Government, visited the prefectural office to present Vice Governor Takeshi Kimura with a donation of ¥200,000. The money—collected with help from Gareth Lewis of the Welsh social media platform St David’s World—is meant to assist with recovery efforts following this year’s heavy rainfall, which killed at least 77 people and destroyed more than 15,000 buildings.

Bartlett-Imadegawa thanked the many people and groups who donated, including Brits at Lunch and the St David’s Society committee and members. Messages of support for Kumamoto also came from former Minister for International Relations and the Welsh Language Eluned Morgan, members of the Welsh Parliament, rugby players, three former presi­dents of the St David’s Society and the Friends of Wales congressional caucus in the United States.

TV: The Great British Baking Show burned

UK-Japan News November 2020

The Great British Bake Show, a competition programme that challenges home bakers to create dishes according to themes, has been burned by its Japanese Week episode, which aired on Netflix on 30 October. The Independent reported on 28 October that the contestants’ creations were criticised for having little or no connection to Japan, instead making use of ingredients and flavours from Chinese and Indian cuisine. Many viewers voiced their feelings that the show was supporting the tendency to dump all Asia cultures into one pot. Japanese pastry chef Tomoko Kato, however, told Insider that she believes “there is room for both traditional and non-traditional in baking”.

UK to resume shipping nuclear waste to Aomori

UK-Japan News November 2020

As part of measures introduced following the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 11 March, 2011—and the subsequent disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant—Japan asked Britain to reprocess spent nuclear fuel.

According to a 9 November NHK World report, plans are for utility firms to begin accepting in April the reprocessed waste stored in Aomori Prefecture. Plutonium extracted from this material will be turned into special fuel to be used in Japan’s nuclear power plants. Shipments from the UK have stopped since 2016 while the Aomori facility undergoes screening and preparations.

News Briefs

UK-Japan News November 2020

From Soho to Toranomon

Ian Schrager, the mind behind The London Edition hotel in Soho, has brought his vision to the newly opened Tokyo Edition, Toranomon, saying: “I just had to do a hotel in Tokyo. I’ve been very influenced by Japan from the start. Their aesthetic, their spirituality, their cleanliness, their refinement”. (The Telegraph, 31 October)

Bilateral Ties blossom on South-East coast

A great white cherry tree, donated by Japanese businesses, was planted in Eastbourne’s Hampden Park on 4 November. The addition is part of the Sakura Cherry Tree Planting project, which aims to place more than 1,000 cherry blossom trees across the UK as a symbol of friendships between the nations. (Eastbourne Herald, 9 November)

Regent street store to sell premium tent

Japanese outdoor gear producer Snow Peak has launched a new premium tent in the UK. The firm’s central London store on Regent Street is offering the Minute Dome Pro.Air 1 solo camping tent that weighs less than 4kg—ideal for carrying on a bike and perfect for a socially distanced getaway to nature. (Out & About Live, 7 November)

London and Tokyo agree trade deal for 99% of exports

UK-Japan News September 2020

Photo: Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs

UK Secretary of State for International Trade Liz Truss and Japanese Foreign Minister Motegi Toshimitsu (pictured above) announced during a video call on 11 September that the UK–Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement was agreed in principle and that businesses will benefit from tariff-free trade on 99% of exports between the countries.

In its press announcement, the Department for International Trade (DIT) said, “The deal is tailored to the UK economy and secures additional benefits beyond the EU–Japan trade deal, giving UK companies exporting to Japan a competitive advantage in a number of areas”. DIT estimates that the deal will boost UK trade with Japan by £15.2bn and noted that this is an important step towards the UK becoming part of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership.

Nikkei reported that the agreement provides for a staged lifting of UK tariffs on Japanese autos starting in 2021 to zero in 2026—progress on a sticking point that has long concerned the Japanese side. Some Japanese railcar exports to the UK will also be tariff-free shortly after the agreement goes into effect.

On another highly publicised matter, Japan agreed to a staged reduction of the hard-cheese tariff, down to zero by 2035.

Truss said: “This is a historic moment for the UK and Japan as our first major post-Brexit trade deal. The agreement we have negotiated—in record time and in challenging circumstances—goes far beyond the existing EU deal, as it secures new wins for British businesses in our great manufacturing, food and drink, and tech industries”.

UK in Japan campaign resumes with tech

September 2020

The UK in JAPAN campaign, which launched last September, was paused while delivery partners focused on the coronavirus pandemic. The British Embassy Tokyo announced on 25 August that the campaign would be restarted. CreativeTech GREAT Season—beginning with the first ever, all-virtual London Tech Week from 1 to 11 September—kicked off the campaign which will continue into 2021. Much of the activity will focus on a green and resilient recovery from Covid-19—a particular priority as the UK prepares to host the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, Scotland on 1–12 November, 2021.

Boris hails Abe

UK-Japan News September 2020

During his two stints as Japanese prime minister, Shinzo Abe worked with four British counterparts—three during his second, record-setting term of almost eight years. After his announcement on 28 August that he would step down due to health reasons, Abe’s service was praised by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who said on his Twitter account the same day that Abe “has achieved great things as PM of Japan—for his country and the world. Under his stewardship the UK–Japan relationship has gone from strength to strength in trade, defence and our cultural links. Thank you for all your years of service and I wish you good health”.

English wine sales grow fast in Japan

UK-Japan News September 2020

Norway, the United States, Canada, Australia and Japan topped the list of countries with a growing appetite for English wine according to data shared by the Department for International Trade and WineGB­—the national association for the English and Welsh wine industry—on 8 September. Wine exports from the UK totalled 550,000 bottles in 2019—double that of 2018—and accounted for 10% of the 5.5mn bottles sold for the year at home and abroad. Japan stood out as one of the fastest-growing markets for UK wine, with 6% of 2019 exports going to the country that is already the third-largest market for Champagne.

£4.7mn boost for British beef

UK-Japan News September 2020

The coronavirus pandemic has slowed growth in many markets, but export of British red meat is not one of them, according to a 25 August story by FarmingUK. Overall numbers are down year on year, but ship­ments of beef bound for countries outside the European Union are up 21%. Japan accounts for much of the demand. Ranking third among destina­tions, the country has received 1,369t of beef from the UK so far this year, resulting in a £4.7mn boost for the industry. The 23-year ban on UK beef was lifted in January 2019.

UK, Japan, others aim to create vaccine alliance

UK-Japan News September 2020

Already working with AstraZeneca on domestic development and delivery of a Covid-19 vaccine (page 24), Japan is teaming up with the UK, as well as Germany, France and the European Union, to create an alliance aimed at securing vaccine supplies. The Nikkei Asian Review reported on 11 August that the £15.5bn pool, called Covax, is meant to assist nations that cannot nego­tiate the same kinds of one-on-one deals with drugmakers as the United States and China. About 75 countries have expressed interest in joining. The alliance aims to procure 2bn doses of corona­virus vaccine by 2021.

News Briefs

UK-Japan News September 2020

NEC, Fujitsu eyed for 5G

Having banned Chinese tech firm Huawei, Britain is looking to Japan for help in building its next-generation 5G wireless network. The Japanese firms will be asked to bid against others such as Sweden’s Ericsson and Finland’s Nokia Corporation. (Economic Times, 21 July)

SoftBank may lose jobs at Glasgow office

With the SoftBank Group selling its British chip­maker ARM Limited to US-based Nvidia Corporation for $40bn, 21 positions in the firm’s Glasgow, Scotland office may be eliminated. SoftBank acquired ARM in 2016 for $32bn. At the time it was the largest foreign takeover by a Japanese firm. (The Herald, 5 September)

Land Rover Defender SUV on local market

British Chamber of Commerce in Japan Platinum member Jaguar Land Rover Limited announced on 28 August that its iconic Defender SUV will now be available in Japan. (BCCJ, 28 August)

Civic move to Saitama

With Honda closing its Swindon plant in 2021, the carmaker is preparing to move portions of its Civic production to its Yorii plant in Saitama Prefecture. (Just Auto, 27 August)

Trade pact target: 31 July

UK-Japan News July 2020

Talks between the British and Japanese governments for a bilateral free trade agreement (FTA) have continued despite the coronavirus pandemic, and the two sides are aiming for a deal by the end of July, according to The Mainichi on 12 July.

Negotiations began on 9 June and are moving at a rapid pace, using the existing Japan–EU FTA as the basis. Changes being sought include removal of UK tariffs on Japanese autos as well as added benefits for UK financial and textile industries. UK–Japan trade totaled about £24 billion in 2019, making Japan the 11th largest export market for the UK, which is the 12th biggest for Japan.

UK to join CPTPP

UK-Japan News July 2020

Secretary of State for International Trade Elizabeth Truss described Britain’s relationship with Japan as “absolutely critical” and the UK announced on 17 June plans to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), The Diplomat reported on 24 June. Although London and Tokyo continue to negotiate a bilateral free trade agreement, the UK’s interest in being part of the CPTPP is seen as a path to strengthening relations with Japan, as Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has been a proponent of their joining.

Drug firms talk with Tokyo about vaccine

UK-Japan News July 2020

British drugmaker AstraZeneca PLC, whose AZD1222 candidate vaccine for Covid-19 is supported by the US Government’s Operation Warp Speed, is in talks with Japanese pharmaceutical firm Daiichi Sankyo Company Limited, as well as the Japanese government, to supply the vaccine—if proved effective—for use in Japan, according to a 27 June story in The Japan Times. AstraZeneca aims to produce 2bn doses and already has deals in place to supply the European Union and the United States, which has targeted January 2021 for delivery.

Paypay, Boku team up

UK-Japan News July 2020

Japanese e-money firm PayPay Corporation has entered into a collaboration with Boku, a world-leading payment service provider with headquarters in London, according to a 16 June story on the website Electronic Payments International. The deal will allow PayPay, which uses QR codes, to provide a card-like experience to its 28mn users in Japan.

New Harry Potter theme park in 2023

UK-Japan News July 2020

Following the successful wizardry of Universal Studios in Osaka, Seibu Railway Company, Ltd. is planning to replace its 93-year-old Toshimaen amusement park in Tokyo’s Nerima Ward with a new park dedicated to Harry Potter. Time Out reported on 12 June that construction will begin when Toshimaen closes on 31 August and the new attraction will open in the first half of 2023. Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., which owns the film rights to the franchise and operates an attraction entitled The Making of Harry Potter in Leavesden, will rent part of the property from Seibu while the Tokyo Metropolitan Government will purchase the rest.